An important of the finds at Vadakkupattu village embrace hand axes, scrappers, cleaver and choppers from the Mesolithic interval. They have been discovered simply 75cm under the floor, together with lots of of stone fragments. “This seems to be like a spot the place historical folks made stone instruments for hunters and gatherers,” mentioned M Kalimuthusuperintending archaeologist, Archaeological Survey of India, Chennai Circle.
Archaeologists have been astonished to seek out, at an higher layer of the identical 10mx10m pit, Sangam period (greater than 2,000 years in the past) artefacts and routed ware, Roman amphora sherds and glass beads indicating energetic commerce with Rome. In addition they discovered gold ornaments, terracotta toys, beads, items of bangles, pot sherds and cash. Within the surrounding space, on the floor, the crew found sculptures starting from the early Pallava period (275 CE) to the late Pallavas (897 CE).
Archaeologist Ok Sridharan, who retired from the state archeology division, mentioned the Vadakkupattu finds present steady habitation for a number of thousand years. “The brand new proof reveals it’s a culturally and archaeologically necessary web site,” he mentioned.
An historical burial web site at Guruvanmedu, 1km from the Vadakkupattu village. This web site was recognized by archaeologists way back to 1922
For a few years, historical past college students, researchers and archeology fanatics have been doing discipline research at Vadakkupattu, a nondescript village close to Oragadam, after an historical burial web site was discovered at Guruvanmedu, a couple of kilometer away. When an ASI crew determined to dig right here a few months in the past, they struck gold. Actually.
Now, Vadakkupattu is able to burst into the archaeological limelight not only for what was unearthed there, however the layers of historical past – and prehistory – discovered to have been preserved simply inches under the floor. The excavation crew had hardly gone a number of centimeters down, when out got here gold ornaments, beads, damaged bangles, pot sherds, cash and terracotta toys. The deeper they went, the older the items received. At a depth of 75cm, they discovered chiseled stone instruments – telltale indicators of a Mesolithic civilization. And, hiding in plain sight on the floor have been sculptures and stone carvings of the early and late Pallava eras.
One other Pallava-era Vishnu sculpture discovered half-buried within the sand at Vadakkupattu
ASI superintending archaeologist M Kalimuthu mentioned Vadakkupattu has gained significance. “In addition to the Teri websites at Tirunelveli and Thoothukudi districts, Vadakkupattu is the one place in Tamil Nadu the place proof of instruments of the Mesolithic interval has been discovered. As per typological examine, the instruments might have been made roughly 12,000 years in the past. Carbon relationship and thermoluminescence (TL) relationship will reveal the precise age of the instruments. It’s distinctive to seek out stone instruments, artifacts and ornaments belonging to 4 totally different eras at a single place,” he mentioned.
Researchers mentioned the small dimension and sharpness of the instruments, which historical folks made by eradicating flakes from stones, indicated the settlement was of the Mesolithic interval. “The stone instruments of various varieties present that a lot of folks had lived right here,” mentioned Kalimuthu.
Sangam-era roof tiles uncovered in one of many first trenches at Vadakkupattu
Sridharan mentioned it’s important that on the identical web site the crew discovered handmade roof tiles belonging to the Sangam period. “They’re totally different in form in comparison with those present in locations resembling Keezhadi and Kodumanal,” he mentioned. The opposite finds, the Pallava-era sculptures, have been made from sand stones and have been eroded by time. The crew discovered statues of Vishnu, and a Shivalinga, suggesting the existence of a temple within the medieval interval.
As soon as they determined to excavate Vadakkupattu, the 20-member crew of surveyors, researchers and laborers regarded for indicators to begin the method. Sand mounds and the presence of rivers Cheyyar and Palar near the location helped them find the possible spots. The sand mounds of Vadakkupattu have been largely disturbed because the locals had dug up the topsoil (which, because the crew later realized, will need to have destroyed some floor objects). The primary set of trenches uncovered some constructions together with roof tiles that seemed to be of the Sangam interval. The crew discovered Mesolithic stone instruments and extra of Sangam period artifacts in pits dug 100m away from the primary dig.